Does Iowa law require...
An Audit of Untested Rape Kits?
Yes – One-Time
Tracking of Rape Kits?
Testing of all backlogged rape kits?
Testing of all rape kits in the future?
Victims to be notified of the status of their cases?
Funding for testing kits?
In 2016, Iowa enacted a law requiring the Iowa Department of Justice to conduct a statewide audit of untested rape kits. In March 2017, the Attorney General reported at least 4,265 untested kits in storage across Iowa, some dating back to 1992. Iowa law does not require law enforcement agencies to track or test rape kits.
In 2015, the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) awarded $2,000,000 to the Iowa Department of Justice to test kits, investigate and prosecute cases, and re-engage survivors.
In 2016, the BJA awarded the Iowa Department of Justice an additional $1,000,000 to sustain this work.
In 2017, Iowa legislators introduced a bill that requires newly collected rape kits to be delivered to local law enforcement within 24 hours of collection and submitted to the lab within 5 days of receipt. Labs are then required to retain all rape kits for 10 years. The bill also grants survivors the right to information about the location and status of their kits and requires the establishment of a tracking system, which must enable sexual assault survivors to anonymously track or receive updates regarding the status of their kits.
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