Michigan

Backlog Snapshot

Michigan
Untested Kits:

Unknown

Testing:

In Progress

Does Michigan...
Inventory untested rape kits?
Yes, a one-time inventory.
Test backlogged rape kits?
Yes, testing in progress.
Test newly collected rape kits?
Yes, all newly collected kits are being tested.
Grant victims rights to notice and be informed?
Yes.
Track rape kits?
Yes, tracking system in process.
Appropriate funding for rape kit reform?
Yes, ongoing.

The extent of the untested rape kit backlog in Michigan is unknown. In 2014, Michigan enacted a law convening a commission to develop a plan for implementation of a statewide tracking system. However, this system is not yet operational. Michigan law does not require law enforcement agencies to count rape kits.

In 2009, the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office discovered 11,341 untested kits. As of January 2018, Detroit has tested approximately 10,000 kits, resulting in 2,616 DNA matches, the identification of 821 potential serial rapists, and 144 convictions. DNA from kits tested has been linked to crimes committed in 40 states and Washington, D.C.

In 2013, Michigan legislators appropriated $4,000,000 in new funding to test backlogged kits. In 2014, Michigan legislators appropriated an additional $3,000,000 to fund prosecutions linked to newly tested backlogged kits.

In 2014, Michigan enacted a law requiring law enforcement to collect rape kits from the hospital within 14 days and to send kits for testing within 14 days of taking possession. The law requires the lab to analyze rape kits within 90 days, if sufficient resources are available. In the same year, the state also enacted a law granting survivors the right to receive information about the status and location of their rape kits.

In 2015, the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office and the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) awarded the City of Flint Police Department a total of $1,329,999 to test kits, investigate and prosecute cases, and re-engage survivors. Also in 2015, the Michigan State Police received $3,381,991 from both the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office and the BJA. The Wayne County Prosecuting Attorney's Office received $1,999,109 from the BJA to investigate and prosecute cases and re-engage survivors.

In 2016, the BJA awarded the City of Flint Police Department an additional $996,243 and the Michigan State Police an additional $999,979 to support backlog reduction efforts. In 2017, the BJA awarded the Wayne County Prosecuting Attorney's Office an additional $1,500,000 to sustain this work.

In 2017, Michigan legislators appropriated $4 million in state budget funds to support creation of the statewide, electronic tracking system for rape kits, $800,000 of which will be used for immediate implementation.

In 2018, BJA awarded the Michigan Department of State Police $1 million and Wayne County $1.5 million to sustain their work. 

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