Does Michigan law require...
An Audit of Untested Rape Kits?
Tracking of Rape Kits?
Testing of all backlogged rape kits?
Testing of all rape kits in the future?
Victims to be notified of the status of their cases?
Funding for testing kits?
The extent of the untested rape kit backlog in Michigan is unknown. In 2014, Michigan enacted a law requiring the creation of a statewide tracking system. However, this system is not yet operational. Michigan law does not require law enforcement agencies to count rape kits.
In 2009, the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office discovered 11,341 untested kits, nearly all of which have been tested as of summer 2016. By August 2016, the Michigan State Police lab tested 10,000 kits from Detroit, resulting in 2,616 matches in the national DNA database, over 1,182 cases awaiting investigation, 264 active investigations, and 60 convictions. The testing has uncovered 770 potential serial rapists who have committed crimes in 40 other states.
In 2013, Michigan legislators appropriated $4,000,000 in new funding to test backlogged kits. In 2014, Michigan legislators appropriated an additional $3,000,000 to fund prosecutions linked to newly tested backlogged kits.
In 2014, Michigan enacted a law requiring law enforcement to collect rape kits from the hospital within 14 days and to send kits for testing within 14 days of taking possession. The law requires the lab to analyze rape kits within 90 days, if sufficient resources are available.
In 2015, the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office and the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) awarded the City of Flint Police Department* a total of $1,329,999 to test kits, investigate and prosecute cases, and re-engage survivors. Also in 2015, the Michigan State Police received $3,381,991 from both the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office and the BJA. The Wayne County Prosecuting Attorney's Office received $1,999,109 from the BJA to investigate and prosecute cases and re-engage survivors.
In 2016, the BJA awarded the City of Flint Police Department an additional $996,243 and the Michigan State Police an additional $999,979 to sustain this work.
*In 2016, Flint reported it had approximately 300 untested rape kits.
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