Backlog Snapshot

Untested Kits:



In Progress

Does Michigan...
Inventory untested rape kits?
Yes, a one-time inventory.
Test backlogged rape kits?
Yes, testing in progress.
Test newly collected rape kits?
Yes, all newly collected kits are being tested.
Grant victims rights to notice and be informed?
Track rape kits?
Yes, tracking system in use.
Appropriate funding for rape kit reform?
Yes, ongoing.

The extent of the untested rape kit backlog in Michigan is unknown. In 2014, Michigan enacted a law convening a commission to develop a plan for implementation of a statewide tracking system. In December 2018, Governor Rick Snyder announced the new statewide rape kit tracking system, Track-Kit. Allegan, Barry, Berrien, Branch, Cass, Kalamazoo, St. Joseph, and Van Buren counties have access to the system, and the rest of state will have access by Summer 2019. Kits collected before the implementation of the system will not be accessible. With the development of a rape kit tracking system, Michigan has enacted all six pillars of legislative rape kit reform

In 2009, the Wayne County Prosecutor’s Office discovered 11,341 untested kits. As of January 2018, Detroit has tested approximately 10,000 kits, resulting in 2,616 DNA matches, the identification of 821 potential serial rapists, and 144 convictions. DNA from kits tested has been linked to crimes committed in 40 states and Washington, D.C.

In 2013, Michigan legislators appropriated $4,000,000 in new funding to test backlogged kits. In 2014, Michigan legislators appropriated an additional $3,000,000 to fund prosecutions linked to newly tested backlogged kits.

In 2014, Michigan enacted a law requiring law enforcement to collect rape kits from the hospital within 14 days and to send kits for testing within 14 days of taking possession. The law requires the lab to analyze rape kits within 90 days, if sufficient resources are available. In the same year, the state also enacted a law granting survivors the right to receive information about the status and location of their rape kits.

In 2015, the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office and the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) awarded the City of Flint Police Department a total of $1,329,999 to test kits, investigate and prosecute cases, and re-engage survivors. Also in 2015, the Michigan State Police received $3,381,991 from both the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office and the BJA. The Wayne County Prosecuting Attorney's Office received $1,999,109 from the BJA to investigate and prosecute cases and re-engage survivors.

In 2016, the BJA awarded the City of Flint Police Department an additional $1,000,000 and the Michigan State Police an additional $1,000,000 to support backlog reduction efforts. In 2017, the BJA awarded the Wayne County Prosecuting Attorney's Office an additional $1,500,000 to sustain this work. Additionally, the Michigan State Police reported 1,177 untested rape kits at the beginning of fiscal year 2017. 

In 2017, Michigan legislators appropriated $4 million in state budget funds to support creation of the statewide, electronic tracking system for rape kits, $800,000 of which will be used for immediate implementation.

In 2018, BJA awarded the Michigan Department of State Police $1 million and Wayne County $1.5 million to sustain their work. BJA awarded the Michigan Department of State Police an additional $633,907 to aid with the investigation and prosecution of cold case sexual assaults. 

In 2019, Michigan State Police rolled out the state’s rape kit tracking system


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